THE CURRENT SITUATION
1.4 billion people around the world do not have reliable access to
electricity. The current electric model typically uses large scale
energy plants located far from final consumers. Transmitting and
distributing the energy across large distance results in service
disruption, energy losses and higher prices. Energy storage also becomes
a dominant factor as electricity must be used as it is generated or it
needs to be converted into another form of energy, as storage in
batteries is limited because of their small capacity and high cost.
Therefore, in order to prevent service loss and disruptions, power
companies generate power far above the actual base load. This is an
inefficient use of energy that also causes an excess in generated
In 2010 the energetic losses (including geothermal, solar, wind,
electricity and heat, etc.; and excluding coal/peat, crude oil, oil
products, natural gas, nuclear, hydro, biofuels and waste) reached
Mtoe (Million Tons of Oil Equivalent) (World Energy Statistics). This
means a more sustainable model of electricity transmission and
distribution must be established.
Renewable energies can be a sustainable solution to solve this
problem providing diversification of the energy mix in terms of
geographical sources, decreasing fossil fuels consumption and thereby,
decreasing greenhouse gases emissions.
THE CURRENT SITUATION
Gateways will provide the world with solutions to resolve instability
in traditional electric grids. Our energy plants will possess the
flexibility to supply independent smart grids, national grids and also
to local direct line grids developed by Global Gateways.
grids are electric networks capable of easily integrating varying
energetic resources, which are efficiently distributed maximizing the
quality of the service at a lower cost. These smart grids will solve the
problem of storage, this is because we will only need to produce as
much electricity as is needed, avoiding production of power far above
the actual base load, leading to saving costs, resources and emissions.
Furthermore, producing energy near to the point of consumption reduces
energy losses related with transport of electricity.
Gateways will develop smart grids with high-voltage direct current
(HVDC) electricity. HVDC is more desirable from a technical point of
view due to the increased controllability, it results in a lower total
investment, leads to lower losses, it is more economic than alternative
current (AC) for transmitting large amounts of power over longer
distances, and it is environmentally superior.