Transmission, Distribution & Storage​
World electricity generation grew by 1.8% in 2012 reaching 22.504,3 terawatt per hour (BP statistical review of world energy)

THE CURRENT SITUATION

1.4 billion people around the world do not have reliable access to electricity. The current electric model typically uses large scale energy plants located far from final consumers. Transmitting and distributing the energy across large distance results in service disruption, energy losses and higher prices. Energy storage also becomes a dominant factor as electricity must be used as it is generated or it needs to be converted into another form of energy, as storage in batteries is limited because of their small capacity and high cost. Therefore, in order to prevent service loss and disruptions, power companies generate power far above the actual base load. This is an inefficient use of energy that also causes an excess in generated emissions.


In 2010 the energetic losses (including geothermal, solar, wind, electricity and heat, etc.; and excluding coal/peat, crude oil, oil products, natural gas, nuclear, hydro, biofuels and waste) reached 175.98 Mtoe (Million Tons of Oil Equivalent) (World Energy Statistics). This means a more sustainable model of electricity transmission and distribution must be established.


Renewable energies can be a sustainable solution to solve this problem providing diversification of the energy mix in terms of geographical sources, decreasing fossil fuels consumption and thereby, decreasing greenhouse gases emissions.

THE CURRENT SITUATION

Global Gateways will provide the world with solutions to resolve instability in traditional electric grids. Our energy plants will possess the flexibility to supply independent smart grids, national grids and also to local direct line grids developed by Global Gateways.


Smart grids are electric networks capable of easily integrating varying energetic resources, which are efficiently distributed maximizing the quality of the service at a lower cost. These smart grids will solve the problem of storage, this is because we will only need to produce as much electricity as is needed, avoiding production of power far above the actual base load, leading to saving costs, resources and emissions. Furthermore, producing energy near to the point of consumption reduces energy losses related with transport of electricity.


Global Gateways will develop smart grids with high-voltage direct current (HVDC) electricity. HVDC is more desirable from a technical point of view due to the increased controllability, it results in a lower total investment, leads to lower losses, it is more economic than alternative current (AC) for transmitting large amounts of power over longer distances, and it is environmentally superior.

 

 

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